The Peace Movement of the 1960s: A Catalyst of Change


Of all the historical events that happened in Vietnam, one lesson stands out from the rest – it is completely impossible to win a protracted war without support from the public. When the Vietnam War began, the American government believed that protecting Vietnam from communist groups should be on top of their priorities. Communism has started to threaten democratic governments, implying that lack of US intervention might encourage communist forces to revolt elsewhere.

The Peace Movement of the 1960s started when Americans became concerned about escalating military costs and the increasing number of casualties from the war. Read on to find out how this small movement eventually transformed into an unstoppable force that pressured the United States to reconsider its commitments.


Anti-war leaders opposed the US involvement in the Vietnam War because of economic and moral reasons. Image courtesy of Flickr.

Anti-war leaders opposed the US involvement in the Vietnam War because of economic and moral reasons. Image courtesy of Flickr.



Peace Movements – An Overview

Anti-war leaders opposed the war for economic and moral reasons. They believed that the North Vietnamese were only fighting a war to set themselves free from foreign aggressors. As they watched innocent civilians being killed in the crossfire and American planes wreaking havoc on Vietnam’s environment, they started to support a movement that will change the world forever. Even young American soldiers were dying and suffering, which was more than enough to spark the Peace Movement of the 1960s.

In the late 1960s, the tension between the government and the anti-war movement continued to increase. Activists realized that demands were being ignored and their peaceful demonstration suddenly became violent. Members of peace movements felt harassed when the police tried to arrest them, so they often resorted to retaliation. Students started occupying buildings across college campuses, ROTC buildings were burned and roads were blocked by barricades of protesters.

Banning the Bomb

In the early 1960s, the United States found out that Russia is stocking Communist Cuba with nuclear weapons. President Kennedy responded to this by threatening to invade Cuba if they fail to withdraw the missiles immediately. But the involvement of the United States in the Vietnam War is considered as the main precursor of peace movements. It called up 40,000 draftees a month, forcing college students to leave home and participate in the war against communism.

When the aftermath of the war was televised, ordinary Americans started protesting against the US involvement in the Vietnam War. Celebrities and anti-war leaders started drafting peace-making agendas. Anti-war radicals popped up everywhere, adding more strength to the Peace Movement of the 1960s. When President Nixon announced its plans of sending US troops to Cambodia in May 1970, four students who joined the anti-war protest were massacred by Ohio’s National Guard soldiers.

All of these events opened people’s eyes to the harsh reality of the US War against Terror. Even famous actors and singers joined the movement, inspiring more and more people to join mass protests and to condemn the growing number of human rights violations.

Experience Tranquility in Amsterdam Spas

Image by ppacificvancouver via Flickr

Your experience in Amsterdam shouldn’t only be exciting, but you should take the time to unwind on your vacation. Amsterdam’s spas can provide you with the most tranquil getaway as you treat yourself to the services these spectacular spas offer. Visit one of the following top spas in Amsterdam for a calming and unforgettable retreat.

Sauna Deco

Perhaps one of the most well-known spas in the country, the Sauna Deco provides some of the most relaxing services for all visitors. A friendly and helpful staff is prepared to greet you every time you visit and provide you with the services you need. As a coed spa, this is a magnificent location for a romantic getaway, honeymoon, or simply where a group of friends can feel at ease. Adorned with some of the most incredible architecture and art decor, the beauty of the location provides for a soothing atmosphere. Even though the Sauna Deco is a popular spa, it is anything but crowded. It features pools, steam rooms, relaxing areas, and more, from facials to massage treatments.


You will find several Hammam locations around Amsterdam. While most are exclusively for women, one location, Hammam Shifa, also welcomes men, but genders are separated in this bath house. Although this spa may not be ideal for a romantic getaway, it is a great place for women to relax on family vacations or with friends. Here you will find massage services, henna and mud treatments, steam rooms, calming scrubs, and bathing areas with varying temperatures.

Image by o5com via Flickr

Koan Float

Visiting Koan Float is a unique experience for anyone touring Amsterdam. You may want to search cheap Amsterdam flights simply to enjoy this exclusive excursion. This spa features large warm saltwater tanks that customers can simply float in. The concentration of salt in the water offsets your weight, allowing you to simply float on the surface, listen to relaxing music, and drift off to a peaceful place. After a truly rejuvenating period in the tanks and a chance to alleviate stress, you can indulge in a soothing massage or other treatments, such as hot stone massages and more.

Spa Zuiver

Modern architecture creates a comfortable and serene atmosphere at the Spa Zuiver. Here you will find an endless variety of luxurious facilities. Delight in a calming sauna, a whirlpool, or a personal bathing session. Treatments include body massages, facial treatments, scrubs, and more, and you can take pleasure the bar, which overlooks the gardens and outside spa for an appeasing ambiance.

Amsterdam spas offer the best mind and body relaxation services to soothe your travel-worn body. So whenever you’re in the area, don’t hesitate to try the spas mentioned above to cap your Amsterdam experience.